So what is CBD?
CBD is a non-psychoactive component derived from cannabis. CBD in its purest sense has no THC, meaning (unfortunately) you can’t get high!
The grey area in the industry is that CBD comes in several forms. The three main ones are:
- Full spectrum CBD oil contains the most other ‘stuff’. Typically, this oil contains traces of elements from the whole plant, including THC. For full spectrum to be ‘legal’, it must contain <0.2% THC.
- Broad spectrum CBD, again derives from the same plant, but is thought to have less of the other ‘stuff’ full spec. contains, of which THC should be 0%.
- CBD isolate comes in a powder form and is the ‘purest’ form of CBD. All other trace elements are removed and what you’re left with is a white powder that contains only CBD. Counter intuitively, however, in the industry this tends to be the cheaper and less desirable option of the three.
So how does this relate to sports?
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has not classed CBD as a ‘prohibited’ drug in sport. Athletes are subject to stringent anti-doping rules and are liable for any banned substances found in their blood/urine – so the potential problem lies in the other ‘stuff’. The biggest culprit, as you can imagine, are the trace elements of THC found in full spectrum. THC is of course, a banned substance in sport.
In short, regular consumption of CBD oils shouldn’t produce a positive doping blood test as long as the food supplement is taken within recommended guidelines. However, cautionary athletes tend to steer away from CBD full spectrum oil as they contain trace elements of THC.
Currently there is only one FDA approved drug deriving from marijuana.